1674 Benjamin Metzler, born 1650 in the Saxon Vogtland, marries Katharina Voß on April 27, 1674 and founds a cloth trading company in Frankfurt/Main. The first store is located in the Geissgasse.
1686 Benjamin Metzler dies at the age of 36. His widow takes over the management of the business, together with the "tradesman and spice trader" Johann Zwirlein, whom she marries in 1687.
1685 The revocation of the Edict of Nantes leads to an influx of Huguenots to Frankfurt.
1700 Frankfurt has a population of approx. 23,000
1683 Great Turkish War (until 1699)
1686 The Habsburger Karl V. of Lorraine and his troops reconquer the City of Buda (today part of Budapest) following 145 years of Ottoman rule.
1710 Johann Jeremias and Benjamin Metzler acquire a building in Kälbergasse and move the business there.
1711 The Judengasse and large sections of the old city are destroyed in two great fires. As a consequence, the City Council passes new building regulations.
1710 Foundation of the first European porcelain manufacturers in Meissen (Saxony).
1734 Wilhelm Peter Metzler, a grandson of the company founder, moves to Bordeaux where he establishes a trading company with intensive business relations to Frankfurt. The Frankfurt parent company handles the payments of German companies to Bordeaux. Bill brokerage and the lending business are on the rise.
1738 For the first time, Johann Jeremias Metzler terms himself "marchand banquier", i.e. a tradesman dealing not only in goods but also in bills of exchange.
1738 Austria and France sign the Treaty of Vienna which ends the War of Polish Succession.
1742 Johann Jeremias Metzler is elected board member of the Frankfurt Securities Exchange where he is succeeded by Jost Christian Metzler. Since then, the Metzler family has been represented virtually without interruption in the management organs of the Frankfurter Securities Exchange.
1742 Karl Albrecht of Bavaria is crowned Holy Roman Emperor Karl VII.
1744 Headed by Johann Albrecht Metzler, the company is renamed "Benjamin Metzler seel. Sohn und Konsorten". Syndicate members are Christina Barbara Metzler and the owner of the Metzler trading company in Bordeaux, Wilhelm Peter Metzler.
1744 The auctioneers at Sotheby's stage their first auction.
1757 Christina Barbara Metzler takes over as head of the orphaned company and successfully manages the Frankfurt company until 1771. After the death of her brother, Wilhelm Peter Metzler, she manages the business as sole family member.
1756 The Seven Years’ War rages until 1763.
1760 For the first time, the company "Benjamin Metzler seel. Sohn und Konsorten" carries the title "bankers". In the same year, significant bill brokerage transactions are effected and loans granted. The former trading company finally becomes a firm of bankers.
1759 Frankfurt is occupied by the French. Upon French initiative, improvements are made to street lighting and to the system of naming streets and numbering houses. The French Army does not withdraw from Frankfurt until 1763.
1762 Christina Barbara Metzler brings Friedrich Metzler, the oldest son of Wilhelm Peter Metzler, from Bordeaux to Frankfurt and has him trained to become the family’s first banker.
1769 Peter Heinrich Metzler fulfills his father-in-law's wish and assumes his wife’s maiden name, Bethmann, upon marrying Katharine Elisabeth Bethmann. From then on, he is named Peter Heinrich Bethmann, called Metzler.
1771 The management of "Benjamin Metzler seel. Sohn und Konsorten" is transferred to Friedrich Metzler.
1779 Friedrich Metzler marries Susanne Fingerlin, daughter of a prosperous cloth weaving family. Considerable capital expansion allows the bank to press ahead with the swiftly expanding government bond business.
The bond business flourishes with the issue of a bond of 200,000 florins for the Electorate of Bavaria. From 1792, the Metzler bank issues Prussian government bonds with sizeable volumes, frequently in cooperation with the bankers J. J. Willemer and J. F. Gontard & Söhne.
1785 Frankfurt is evolving into a trading and industrial center. In 1785, the first air journey in Germany takes place at the Autmun Fair when Jean-Pierre Blanchard takes off in a gas balloon from the Bornheimer Heide in front of tens of thousands of onlookers and flies to Weilburg.
1784 The War of Independence ends in the USA.
1790 In a trend-setting project, Friedrich Metzler proposes the foundation of a "Zettelbank" (note issuing bank) which would serve to simplify the coinage system and monetary movements. His idea is not realized until 1854 with the foundation of the Frankfurter Bank.
1789 Construction of St. Paul's church begins but is not completed until 1833 due to Napoleon's wars and the reformation of the Church Constitution.
1792 The Metzler private bankers issue their own debentures for the first time.
1792 In Frankfurt, Franz II is appointed the last Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and is demonstratively crowned on July 14, the anniversary of the Storming of the Bastille. Shortly afterwards, the city is occupied by French revolutionary troops. Further occupations follow in 1796, 1800 and 1806.
1796 The City of Frankfurt is confronted with major challenges due to occupation by Napoleon's troops. In negotiation with the occupiers, Wilhelm Peter Metzler is assigned the tasks of lowering contribution payments and securing the independence of the city as well as its freedom to trade and host trade fairs.
1796 The British country doctor Edward Jenner introduces the world’s first vaccination against small pox.
1798 Commercial Councillor Friedrich Metzler has a representative bathing temple constructed on his property in Offenbach.
1798 The notions of freedom during the French Revolution lead to unrest among several guilds in Frankfurt.
1800 While under Napoleonic rule, the bank had already started withdrawing from the bond business in response to insufficient returns. Under Georg Friedrich Metzler’s management, the bank concentrates on securities trading and custody business as well as the loan granting business.
1803 All ecclesiastical areas are secularized as a result of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss (Principal Conclusion of the Imperial Delegation).
1804 Johann Wilhelm Metzler, who was later to become Elder Mayor of the City of Frankfurt, participates on behalf of the City of Frankfurt in the imperial coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte in Paris.
1805 A city council resolution rules that the fortifications surrounding Frankfurt are to be razed to the ground. A park is to replace the wall as city development in Frankfurt enters a new era.
1806 Emperor Franz II renounces his crown as Holy Roman Emperor. As the Old Empire is dismantled, Frankfurt loses the self-governing status it had enjoyed under the Emperor. It is placed under the control of the Confederation of the Rhein and becomes a Grand Duchy in 1810.
1815 Johann Friedrich Städel establishes an art collection which later becomes the Städelsche Kunstinstitut. In his foundation letter, he refers to the competence of Johann Wilhelm Metzler.
1815 The Vienna Congress decides to replace the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation with a German Confederation of 35 principalities and four free cities. The supreme authority is the "Bundestag" in Frankfurt.
1817 Friedrich Metzler participates in the foundation of the "Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft" (Senckenberg Nature Research Society).
1825 Friedrich Metzler dies at the age of 76.
1816 The "Bundestag" opens in Frankfurt on September 5.
1826 The bank’s shareholders acquire the premises at Grosse Gallusstrasse 18, which remains the location of Metzler bank headquarters to this day.
1820 First stocks are traded at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
1833 On April 3, students, country folk and Polish officers launch an attack to bring down the "Bundestag" and introduce a republic (known as the "Frankfurt Wachensturm"). However, the uprising collapses very quickly due to bad organisation and lack of support from the bourgeoisie.
1839 While residing in Paris during his bank apprenticeship, Wilhelm Peter Metzler seeks contact to local artists. This awakens his enthusiasm for art and helps him become a committed art collector and renowned art expert of the time.
1839 Dawn of the railway age in Frankfurt with the opening of the Taunus railway from Frankfurt to Wiesbaden
1835 On December 7: first German railway travel from Nuremberg to Fürth.
1837 Samuel Morse invents the telegraph.
1842 Wilhelm Peter Metzler takes over management of the bank.
1842 A steamship embarks from England for its first voyage around the world.
1850 Securities trading and custodian business intensify at the expense of the lending business.
1849 The first German parliament convenes in Frankfurt; it draws up and passes German basic rights and a new imperial constitution. However, implementation is prevented by resistance from the princes.
1851 The "Disconto-Gesellschaft", later to become a major bank, commences operations in Berlin.
The Great Exhibition opens in London.
1865 Jakob Gustav Metzler, the bank’s Managing Director since 1857, becomes a member of the Chamber of Commerce.
1863 The first German Conference of Princes (Deutscher Fürstentag) is held in Frankfurt on August 16.
1866 In a letter to Otto von Bismarck, Emma Metzler, wife of Wilhelm Peter Metzler, calls upon Prussia to reimburse the City of Frankfurt for its contribution payment. Her appeal is successful and in 1869 a repayment is made plus a compensation.
1866 The German Confederation is disbanded following Prussia’s victory over Austria.
Frankfurt is annexed by Prussia and loses its political independence. At this time, the city has a population of approximately 78,000.
1871 As a private bank, Metzler focuses its business on asset management and transaction settlements for clients. After only a few years, the Metzler bank can boast of one of the most significant safe custody volumes among Frankfurt bankers.
1871 On May 10, the Treaty of Frankfurt is signed between Germany and France.
1874 Together with a number of Frankfurt art enthusiasts, Wilhelm Peter Metzler founds the "Mitteldeutscher Kunstgewerbeverein" which later becomes the Museum für Angewandte Kunst (Museum for Applied Art).
1880 Albert Metzler is elected to the Frankfurt City Council and nominated City Councillor a year later. He holds this office until the end of 1912.
1879 The stock exchange moves to its new premises on Börsenplatz. Frankfurt occupies a leading position as central banking and securities exchange location.
1880 The Frankfurt Opera is constructed largely from donations from wealthy citizens.
1883 City Councillor Albert Metzler joins the management of the bank.
1883 The German Reichstag makes health insurance compulsory.
1888 Hugo Metzler is appointed manager of the bank and holds this office for 67 years until his death in 1955.
1888 The final tracks of the Hamburg–Frankfurt railway are laid during the night of August 18. The next morning, a train travels from Hamburg to Frankfurt station, today’s main station.
1891-1912 Under Lord Mayor Franz Adickes, Frankfurt develops into a modern industrial and trading city. The city latches on to its old trade fair tradition with important events and exhibitions.
1888 The first Financial Times is published in London.
1900 The banking business is wound down significantly. Thanks to a low lending portfolio, the shareholders manage to survive the turmoil of the First World War and the economic decline following it – despite rocketing inflation and the consequent destruction of sizeable assets.
1900 Frankfurt's population reaches almost 290,000, having nearly tripled in the 25 years since 1875.
1900 Hague Peace Conference.
The German Code of Civil Law (BGB) takes effect.
1901-12 The Prussian King bestows peerage on various lines of the Metzler family.
1902 The first general banker's day is held in Frankfurt.
1901 A standard tariff of ten pfennigs is introduced for trams in Berlin.
The German copyright law becomes effective.
1907 Together with other shareholders, City Councillor Albert von Metzler participates in the foundation of the Frankfurt Trade Fair Company.
1904 The "Museum für Kunsthandwerk" (Museum for Arts and Crafts) acquires parts of Wilhelm Peter Metzler’s collection from his estate, significantly expanding its exhibits.
1904 The Child Protection Law, prohibiting child labour in all trades for all children under the age of 12, becomes effective in Germany.
1913 The City of Frankfurt commemorates City Councillor Albert von Metzler’s years of service by naming a street in Sachsenhausen "Metzlerstrasse".
1914 Frankfurt University is founded from donations from a number of prosperous Frankfurt families. In 1932, it receives the name Johann Wolfgang Goethe University.
1923 Albert von Metzler is appointed manager of the bank.
1924 The horse race "Stadtrat-Albert-von-Metzler-Rennen" is staged for the first time and continues to take place every year to this day.
1926 Having served as a landing site for airships before the war, Frankfurt Airport is officially opened on the Rebstock.
1929 The global economic crisis and severe banking crisis in July 1931 lead to further tangible losses. However, the bank is strong enough to survive this turbulence.
1928 In terms of area, Frankfurt becomes Germany’s third largest city with a population of 548,000.
1933-45 During the Third Reich and the Second World War, banking business is hugely limited due to extensive statutory restrictions and foreign isolation.
1936 The Rhein-Main Airport is opened. Rebstock Airport is used only for military purposes and is closed in 1945.
1933 Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of the Republic.
1938 Bankhaus B. Metzler seel. Sohn & Co. is transformed from an "OHG" (unlimited company) into a "Kommanditgesellschaft" (limited partnership). Dr. Herbert Ritter von Marx transfers his shareholdings in Bankhaus Bass & Herz to his friend Albert von Metzler. The Metzler bank takes over four employees as well as part of the banking business. Dr. Ferdinand A. Prinz Lobkowitz joins the Metzler bank as limited partner.
1944 On March 18, the bank’s business premises are virtually destroyed in an allied air raid. A large portion of business documents are lost. Banking operations continue initially at the location of private bankers Koch Lauteren & Cie., with which Metzler is amicably associated. Later, operations are continued in a makeshift building until the erection of today’s new bank premises.
1943 In autumn 1943, the inner city and Old Town of Frankfurt are virtually destroyed by air raids.
1945 Advancement of American troops on March 26, 1945 signals the end of the National Socialist dictatorship and the Second World War in Frankfurt.
1950 Albert von Metzler returns from captivity as prisoner of war and resumes management of the bank together with Dr. Gustav von Metzler and Dr. Ferdinand A. Prinz Lobkowitz.
1949 Frankfurt and the Rhine-Main area rapidly expand into a significant economic center. Frankfurt develops into one of Europe’s leading financial locations.
In May, Frankfurt Airport resumes civilian flights. In 1950, approximately 200,000 passengers travel through Frankfurt.
1948 The currency reform is introduced on June 20 and the Reichsmark is succeeded by the Deutsche Mark. Each person receives DM 40.
1949 The German constitution is passed on May 23.
Both Frankfurt and Bonn are considered as possible capital cities for the new Federal Republic of Germany. Bonn is selected.
On October 7, the GDR (East Germany) is founded.
1955 Syndicate business as well as national and international securities trading gain significance.
1957 On July 25 the Deutsche Bundesbank, an amalgamation of the "Bank deutscher Länder", commences operations in Frankfurt.
1958 Frankfurt Airport becomes Germany’s first airport for jet traffic.
1959 Eintracht Frankfurt wins the German soccer championships.
1955 The Federal Republic is given state sovereignty. The Deutsche Mark is freely convertible.
1963 Albert von Metzler, Chairman of the Management Board of the Frankfurt Securities Exchange since 1961, recommends changing from par-value shares to individual share certificates.
1971 With the appointment of Friedrich von Metzler and Christoph von Metzler as Managing Directors, the bank takes a further step towards developing into an investment company.
1972 The bank publishes an Annual Report for the first time (for the year 1971).
1977 The banker Jürgen Ponto is assassinated by members of the RAF.
1972 The Credit Interest Agreement, a guarantee of interest payments left over from Reichsbank times, is abandoned.
1974 The collapse of the Cologne-based bank I. D. Herstatt KGaA sparks a crisis for private banks.
1979 Renate von Metzler is committed to helping patients diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis. In 1980, she becomes founding member of the DMSG association for the State of Hesse. In 2000, she becomes Chairwoman of the association, a post that she holds to this day.
1980 Eintracht Frankfurt wins the UEFA Cup soccer tournament.
In 1980, transformation of the Main River left bank into a "Museum Riverbank" begins. Existing museums are expanded and new ones are built. A total of 15 museums now stand on both banks of the river, e.g. the Städelsche Kunstinstitut, the German Museum of Architecture and the German Film Museum.
1979 On January 1, the new European monetary system goes into effect.
1986 The private bank equips itself for the future by transforming into a "Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien" (Commercial Partnership Limited by Shares), hiving off activities to independent companies within the framework of a holding structure and thereby raising shareholders’ equity. The registered shares are held exclusively by the von Metzler family.
1988 The Frankfurt skyline receives a new symbol of economic strength, the 256 meter high "Messeturm" (Trade Fair Tower).
1992 Under the presidency of Friedrich von Metzler, the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse AG is transformed into Deutsche Börse AG.
1992 Bankhaus Metzler sponsors a guest professorship for international financial economics at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University as a means of modernizing and supplementing the offer of studies. The sponsorship is used to fund an exchange program to enable Frankfurt professors to participate in study and research at the American Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. At the same time it is used to appoint professors of the Wharton School as guest professors.
1990 Thousands of excited fans celebrate on the Frankfurt Römer along with the German soccer team after winning the world championship
1990 The reunification of Germany takes place on October 3 with a state occasion in Berlin.
1992 In Maastricht, EC countries sign the Treaty on European Union.
1994 Business activities focus even more strongly on the securities business, asset management for institutional and private clients, and corporate finance.
1996 As Chairwoman of the administration at Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Barbara von Metzler initiates a "Gunst-Sammlung" (Goodwill Collection) which generates donations totaling DM 21 million for the museum.
1995 The European Monetary Institute, the forerunner of the European Central Bank, commences operations in the Eurotower.
1998 The partner structure gives the Metzler company group a modern leadership form.
1998 The charitable foundation Albert-von-Metzler-GmbH is established.
1997 Since the beginning of the eighties, Frankfurt's inner city has been increasingly characterized by skyscrapers. The Messeturm (256 m) and Commerzbank tower (258 m), both completed in 1997, rank among Europe’s highest office towers.
1998 The European Monetary Institute is transformed into the European Central Bank with headquarters in Frankfurt and the first step towards introduction of the euro is made.
1997 Currency crises in South-East Asia cause upheavals on stock markets.
The fully-electronic securities trading system Xetra is introduced on German stock exchanges.
1999 To commemorate its 325th anniversary, the Metzler bank initiates significant support for Frankfurt cultural institutions in the form of the "1+1=3 Kulturinitiative für Frankfurt". The scientific publication "Finanzplatz Frankfurt" is also released.
2001 Metzler Asset Management opens a branch in Tokyo.
2000 The Emma Metzler restaurant (see 1866 for more information on Emma Metzler) is opened inside the newly restored Museum for Applied Art.
2004 Metzler Corporate Finance celebrates its 10th anniversary. Clients have included Bayer, the ING Group, Hermès, the Deutsche Post and the City of Frankfurt.
2002 On January 1, the euro is introduced as the single currency in twelve states of the European Union as well as in Andorra, Monaco, Montenegro, San Marino and the Vatican City. The euro continues to be legal tender in these states to this day.
2004 On December 26, a seaquake in the Indian Ocean sets off a tsunami tidal wave causing massive destruction in coastal regions.
2005 The Albert-von-Metzler-GmbH Foundation merges with the Barbara-von-Metzler Foundation to form the charitable foundation Albert-und-Barbara-von-Metzler-Stiftung, otherwise known as the "Metzler-Stiftung" (or Metzler Foundation). This foundation focuses on providing support for children and youths in the areas of seeing, hearing and learning.
2006 Renate von Metzler is appointed Honorary Senator of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University.
The Metzler Foundation is awarded the German cultural promotion prize for its project "Ohr liest mit" (or "Ears read too", a competition to promote creative reading and listening).
2006 Frankfurt and other German cities host the World Cup, a gigantic, peaceful, four-week soccer festival sparking off a wave of friendliness and enthusiasm.
In 2007, the Metzler bank celebrates 333 years of independence. Metzler is Germany's oldest private bank in uninterrupted family ownership. This independence forms the core of the bank's philosophy: clients can only be independently and objectively advised by a bank which is independent itself.
2007 Petra Roth is elected Lord Mayor of the City of Frankfurt for her third consecutive term.
2008 The Metzler Foundation's network for brain research and school is awarded as a "Landmark in the Land of Ideas"
2008 Extension of the Städel Museum starts. A collection of contemporary art is displayed on approximately 3,000 m2. Metzler supports construction of the museum's extention by making a donation of EUR 3 million.
2008 On September 15, 2008, the US investment bank, Lehman Brothers, goes bankrupt. A global financial crisis ensues.
2009 Metzler opens a new branch in Peking.
2010 Additional houses in the historical Old Town are to be newly erected at the cost of the 1970's Technical Town Hall which has to make room for them.
2009 Barack Obama is elected the first African-American president of the USA.
2011 On March 11, a strong earthquake and disastrous tsunami tidal wave hit Japan, causing a core meltdown in three reactors at the nuclear power plant in Fukushima.
In October, the world population is 7 billion.
2012 The Metzler bank appoints Harald Illy (responsible for Compliance), Michael Klaus (responsible for Financial Markets) and Dr. Johannes Reich (responsible for Equities and Corporate Finance) to Managing Partners with personal liability.
2013 Benedikt XVI is the first pope to abdicate in 700 years.
2014 After almost 190 years in the same location, Metzler Bank has moved its office headquarters – from the banking district to the river banks of the Main. The new head office is now located at Untermainanlage 1.
2014 The ECB is moving to new premises in the Frankfurt Ostend.